Nam Mae Kok, Chiang Mai, Thailand

Mae Nam Kok, or The Kok River, is a major tributary flowing through northern Thailand into the Mekong River.

6th Grade students, from the Lanna International School in Chiang Mai Thailand, took an adventure to the river’s edge to dip cloth. Students learn about their region’s ecosystem and the life it sustains.

The Mae Nam Kok emerges from the hills of Burma’s Shan State at Tha Ton and then winds across the wooded hills of Chiang Rai Province to empty into the Mekong River just south of Chiang Saen town.

 1955 friends on the Mae Kok RIver

1966 flooding of the Mae Kok River:

Wainui River, Tata Beach, New Zealand

The Wainui River and Wainui Falls are located on the South Island of New Zealand in the Southwest the Tasman region. The river is short, but powerful. 

Part time New Zealand resident, Heidi Hough, traveled the Hummingbird Highway and hiked to along the river and to the falls.

The water source are are close to the Abel Tasman National Park, a native forest of nikau palms, rata trees and ferns. The habitate has attracted naturalists for centuries.

The rivers courses through dense bush and a narrow gorge to eventually to the 66 ft tall Wainui Falls. The Wainui Inland Track follows and the river for several miles and climbs a rapid height to view the falls.

The Wainui River deposits into the salt marshes of Golden Bay, named for the gold discovered in 1857.

From the earliest times to the present day, flax has been plentiful in Golden Bay. For the Māori it was essential to daily life, used to make clothing and rope. By the 1840’s several flax mills operated in area of Collingwood, providing work for the Māori, but closed around WWI.

The location surrounding the Wainui River also attracted the industries of gold mining, coal extraction, and logging in the mid 19th century and continued strong until the 1970s.

Kaveri and Kabini Rivers, Karnataka, India

The Kaveri RIver and Kabini Rivers in south western India are both considered sacred rivers.The rivers are fed by different rivers and flow eastward and merge in Tirumakudalu Narasipura, in the Indian state of Karnataka.  

Kitty Schulz, an annual ashram resident, creative, and arobatic performer, dipped a two pieces of cloth, one in each river. A Small scarf with red stripe was dipped in Kaveri RIver in Nanjanagudu, a town in the Mysore district famous for Srikanteshwara Temple. Segregated washing, ladies in the front and men to the rear washing away of sins at Gosai Ghat.
The ritual of bathing in a holy river is admired for the enduring devotion and tradition.
A women lovingly washes her husband’s back.This is the location where a large piece of cloth was retrieved from the rocks to dip into the Kabini River. Tiny beauty combing her hair on the steps (ghats) leading down to the river.

The larger scarf, found floating in the water early, was dipped where the two rivers merge at Tirumakudalu Narasipura

The fabric resembles the dhotis, the cloth men wear into the river. The temple priests, and other Brahmins, often wear white dhotis with golden embroidery around the edges. Priest chanting and men bathing beside a “temple,” a stone pole in the middle of the river. On top, is a sacred statue of the Nandi, the bull guarding the abode of Lord Shiva.

The men are freshly shaven, most likely the haircut is part of purification ritual which includes bathing in the river and often scattering ashes of a cremated relative. 

The holy confluence ofthe Kaveri RIver and Kabini Rivers is a national attraction where the Hindu pilgrimage, Kumbhamela, takes place.

HEADLINES: The 125 year Kaveri River water dispute,  Soon, We May Not Have a Cauvery River to Fight Over

Nyabarongo River, Kigali City, Rwanda

The Nyabarongo River is Rwanda’s largest river and is part of the upper headwaters of the Nile. The Nyabarongo River stretches 184 miles, making it the longest river solely in Rwanda.  Rosemary Ferreri visited Kigali City and captured the beauty of a country striving to heal and struggling to rebuild.

The river gathers much of its headwater from the forested mountain country, nearly 9,000 feet above sea level, emptying into the Mwogo River and merging with the Mbirurume River. The Nyabarongo river begins at the confluence of the Mbirurume and Mwogo rivers, which are considered to be the furthest source of the Nile, mainly flowing eastward creating a boundary between the Northern and southern Provinces.

It is said that the Hutu people originated from Chad and that the Tutsi people came from Ethiopia and lived peacefully together, in marriage and work, as Rwandans.
Rwandans have unique African hairstyles and adornment, based in a royal history and powerfulwarrior dress.

TRAGIC HISTORY The Hutu and Tutsi tribes distinguished by their occupations rather than ethnicities. The Tutsi mostly owned cattle and the Hutu were farmers. Often cattle was used as currency which eventually created an imbalance of wealth and class.

When the Germans colonized this region in 1894, but after losing WWII they had to surrender all of their colonies. Belgium took control of the Rwanda and implemented passbooks that identified the Hutu majority and the Tutsi minority. The Belgians favored the Tutsi, giving them leadership positions in government, which created a deeper ethnic divide and inequality of power. The Hutus were angered by this. Belgium sensed a struggle and then displaced the Tutsis to pass control over to the Hutus.

1961 Rwanda became a republic, during the Rwandan Revolution. When the strategic murder of the Rwandan president, happened on April 6, 1994, the planned and highly organized killing of the Tutsis began. 

Indigenous art found on stamps, postcards, and travel posters promote Rwanda’s beauty, culture, and royal ancestry.

Headline of interest: UAE’s Metito seals $75m Rwanda water project contract